Bed Bugs

These lentil-sized critters may be small but Bed Bugs (Cimex Lectularious) are not what you want to be cuddling with tonight. Easily acquired and carried in from the outside, they can survive up to a year by traveling within 100 feet to feed. Due to their small size, they can travel easily through pipes, floorboards, carpets, mattresses, furniture, clothing and other types of clutter. The bites they leave are not just unsightly, but they can be painful and very itchy. These bugs are typically more active at night and prefer to reside in homes and beds, thus earning their name

Bed Bug Common Behaviors

Feeding:

  • Appear to prefer to feed on humans, but will feed on other mammals and birds as well.
  • Will readily travel 5-20 feet from established hiding places (called harborage) to feed on a host.
  • Even though they are primarily active at night, if hungry they will seek hosts in full daylight.
  • Feeding can take 3-12 minutes.
  • The rusty or tarry spots found on bed sheets or in bug hiding places are because 20% of the time adults and large nymphs will void remains of earlier blood meals while still feeding.

Life stages/mating:

  • Bed bugs need at least one blood meal before the individual bug can develop to the next of the six life stages.
    • They can feed more than once.
    • Each stage also requires the molting of skin.
  • To continue to mate and produce eggs, both males and females must feed at least once every 14 days.
  • Egg-to-egg life cycle may take four to five weeks under favorable conditions.

How Fast Can a Bed Bug Infestation Grow?

There are lots of factors that affect how long a bed bug lives and also how often it reproduces. As with anything the length of its life and its reproductive habits depends on genetics, the quality of its food and how often it is able to feed, temperature and other environmental conditions, and avoidance of injury.

A bed bug living in a laboratory that is being studied in a controlled environment is going to have a different life span then a bed bug that is living in your house. A bed bug in a laboratory can expect to live about six months to up to a year, and the average bed bug in your house can expect to live a shorter life.

Bed bugs living in your home are faced with several different components that can shorten their lifespan. For example, other bed bugs give them competition for food and harborage, of course exposure to pesticides and other products shorten their lifespan, they can also get crushed by their host that they’re feeding on, and then the natural predators that they have such a spiders and ants.

Adult female bed bugs face other risk from traumatic insemination.  When bed bugs mate, the male bed bug actually punctures her body wall to inject sperm.  this process and definitely traumatic experience can cause serious injury and death. If the bed bug survives the mating ritual, it will lay hundreds of eggs and bed bug populations can grow extremely quickly unless there are preventive measures in place.

It is extremely hard and difficult to find and track bed bugs in the normal living conditions around the world.  Lots of Studies have been done of bed bugs in laboratories but not many have been done in the real world. A single male and female bed bug can produce over 300 bedbugs in as little as 15 weeks. We have proven methods and products that ensures bed bug infestations get under control quickly.

Where Do Bed Bugs Hide?

When not feeding, bed bugs hide in a variety of places. Around the bed, they can be found near the piping, seams and tags of the mattress and box spring, and in cracks on the bed frame and headboard.

If the room is heavily infested, you may find bed bugs:

  • In the seams of chairs and couches, between cushions, in the folds of curtains.
  • In drawer joints.
  • In electrical receptacles and appliances.
  • Under loose wall paper and wall hangings.
  • At the junction where the wall and the ceiling meet.
  • Even in the head of a screw.

How To Find Bed Bugs?

If you have a bed bug infestation or suspect you have a bed bug infestation, it is very important to find it early before it becomes established. Treating a mild infestation is far less costly and easier than treating a moderate or severe infestation after it becomes more widespread throughout your home.

Minor level infestations are much more challenging to find and correctly identify. lots of times other insects such as carpet beetles can be easily mistaken for bed bugs.

One way to identify a possible infestation is to look for physical signs of bed bugs. When cleaning, changing bedding, or visiting relatives or traveling, look for these characteristics:

  • Rusty or reddish blood stains on bed sheets or mattresses can’t can be caused by bed bugs being crushed
  • Dark spots about this size .Which are bed bug excrement and they bleed on the fabric like a marker would
  • Eggs and their egg shells, which are tiny and pale yellow that are shed as the nymphs grow larger
  • Of course live bed bugs

How to Tell if You Have Bed Bugs

The first sign of a bed bug problem is obvious: the bed. After bed bugs feed on you, they’ll leave behind blood stains resembling small rust spots. These will usually be found near the corners and edges of the bed. Bed bugs also shed their skin, or molt, several times as they mature, so you may find their oval brown exoskeletons during your search.

Sometimes you don’t know you have bed bugs until you have a bite! The bites appear like flat, red welts in zigzag lines or small clusters is a key sign of bed bugs. These bite are really itchy and sometimes hurt but not always.

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