Pharaoh ants are very small pest ants found through out the United States. These ants can have medical importance. To add, this ant is thought to be native to the African region.
In addition, the pharaoh ant is very small ranging about 1/16 in length. The body is yellowish to reddish with a slightly darker abdomen. The worker ants are all the same size and very hard to see because of their size.
Lifestyle of the Pharaoh Ant
These ants can have fairly large colonies with a large number of queens present.
Indoors they will nest in wall voids, behind baseboards, around electrical plates, and other inaccessible areas.
Warm areas are preferred by these ants in order to establish a colony.
Being attracted to moisture when foraging is another characteristic of pharaoh ants.
The heat of the indoors is a must to survive in the north, but can survive outdoors in the warm deep south.
Pharaoh ants have been of major importance over the years. Due to their ability to infest hospitals, it is raised much concern. They may feed on open wounds, enter IV lines & bottles, and invest beds. They have been found to carry pathogens such as Streptococcus when infesting hospitals.
Ants of this species are very hard to control because if disturbed by many pest management chemicals or strong cleaning agents they will split their colony and move to other locations. This is called “budding” and can make control extremely difficult.
Interesting facts about pharaoh
- Chemically sensitive and will split their colony (bud) when sensing strong chemical odors
- Can possibly carry disease pathogens
- Require special measures for control
Pharaoh ant control
Ant control regarding pharaoh ants should be conducted by a professional pest management company. The professional will do a thorough inspection and make a positive identification of the ant. If the wrong application treatments are applied, it can actually make the infestation worse. As a result, a professional treatment will include ant baiting techniques and exclusion.